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:: Recent Canadian Prime Ministers

Rt. Hon. Paul Martin 
21st Prime Minister of Canada 
(December 12, 2003 to February 6, 2006) 

Biography

Party:                            Liberal
Date of Birth:              August 28, 1938
Birth Place:                 Windsor, Ontario
Place of Residence:  Ottawa, Ontario 
Family:                          Wife Sheila Martin; three sons

Education

> Martin was educated at the universities of Ottawa and Toronto, where he graduated with an Honours Degree in Philosophy. He also earned a law degree from the University of Toronto Law School. He was called to the Ontario bar in 1966.

Political Experience

> Martin was first elected to the House of Commons in 1988 as the member of Parliament for the Montreal-area riding of LaSalle-Émard.

> He lost the 1990 Liberal Party leadership campaign Jean Chretien.

> He served as Finance Minister after the Liberal Party's election wins in 1993, 1997, and 2000. However, he was dumped from cabinet by Prime Minister Chretien over a leadership squabble.

> He won the Liberal leadership in November of 2003 and was sworn in as Prime Minister on December 12, 2003. 

> He was elected with a minority government in May 2004 and defeated in the following election in January 2006. 

> Martin remains an MP and has focused much of his attention on aboriginal issues and his private member's bill asking the Conservative government to live up to commitments made in the Kelowna Accord.


Professional Experience

Martin's had a very successful business career before entering politics.  He has worked with the Montreal-based Power Corporation of Canada, and he also served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Canada Steamship Lines.

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